Today was the grand unveiling of the new suite of badges designed for faculty by Amy Wilkes and Katie Cain. Like a kid at Christmas, I still get excited when new badges are designed and introduced. These badges are only available through the end of April, so don’t let them pass by you.
Remember, a badge has six elements to its design. Although the artwork is often the most visible and appealing aspect of a badge, it is only 1/6 of the design. Like a quarterback who gets all the credit when a team wins, the artwork can overshadow the other 5/6 of the badge.
There are a number of things I really like and wish to highlight about these particular badges. First, I love how we have developed specific ‘families’ of badges. For example, there are now 3 badges related to PBL (project based learning). They look very similar, yet they are distinctive. True learners and die hard badgers will collect them all.
Next, notice how the badges offered are not only highly relevant to the larger mission and work of the whole school, but also how they combine multiple school initiatives. For example, the Spotlight on the 4 C’s incorporates the wildly important Mount Vernon Mindsets (4 of the 6 21st century core competencies) AND the spotlight feature of Folio Collaborativealong with the important practice of learning walks(see more onlearning walks).
Finally, the Random Act of Kindness badge breaks new ground by being the first badge you cannot apply for yourself. A colleague must apply on your behalf. I’m interested to see how this one plays out in the weeks ahead.
And on a final, final note…I think my favorite ‘family’ of badges currently are the Challenge Badges. I love the colors and ‘look’ of these badges. And, I love each of the challenges associated with them. To me, they are the most ‘fun’ of all the criteria. The Blogger Challenge was an early success last summer. The Visible Thinking Routine Challenge was equally fun as teachers posted their classes in action to twitter and Ann Plumer featured the work on bulletin boards in middle school spaces on each campus. I hope our teachers will go for it with the Virtual Reality challenge.
“A multi-genre paper arises from research, experience, and imagination. It is not an uninterrupted, expository monolog nor a seamless narrative. A multi-genre paper is composed of many genres and sub-genres, each piece self-contained, making a point of its own, yet connected to other pieces by theme and content and sometimes by repeated languages, images, and genres. A multi-genre paper may also contain many voices, not just the author’s. The craft then–the challenge for the writer–is to make such a paper hang together as one unified whole.”
Why should you and your students write a multi-genre project?
“Expository writing monopolizes thinking in education. As students move through school they writer fewer and fewer poems, metaphors, images, stories, and narratives. Exposition becomes their sole writing diet: reports of various kinds, summaries, essay exams, traditional research papers.”
“I oppose such exclusivity. Writing is a big mural world, not a snapshot. Writing is book reviews, email messages, notebook entries, news stories, love notes, commentaries, technical instructions, poems of many kinds, so many sub-genres that assembling a comprehensive list of them will almost certainly be incomplete. I don’t want students–kindergarten through postgraduate school–to become Johnny-One-Genres, which is what I was until I got to college.”
HACKING BADGES Some of my team members will tell you that I’ve been talking a lot about badges lately. It’s true. So true that they’ve started giving me elbows. I’ve been reading research, blogs, articles, and even taking some field trips all in the pursuit of hacking badges.
Critics say they don’t get digital badging. Naysayers dismiss badges as external rewards that will decrease student motivation, citing Alfie Kohn and Daniel Pink. They accuse the curiosity-driven, edu-innovators of chasing after the latest, shiny toy. I say Teddy Roosevelt knows best, “It’s not the critic who counts…”
OBSTACLES TO OVERCOME A crack team of middle school teachers will have the opportunity to try their hand at hacking badges as part of an exciting kickstarter grant this summer. There is a lot of work to be done and many challenges to solve if badges are to survive.
REWARDS HURT MOTIVATION
We want learners to be intrinsically motivated, but is extrinsic motivation getting a bad rap? Is it inferior to intrinsic motivation? I read “Drive” by Daniel Pink. I like it. I like research. It makes sense. I come to work everyday motivated to go above and beyond what is written in my job description. I create. I add to the description. I love to learn. Daily, I seek out new skills, approaches and methods to leading a team of teachers and students. Yet, without the external reward of a paycheck, I would most certainly not keep showing up. Would you?
In the real world, both types of motivation play a role. Why can’t this be the case in schools, too? Perhaps when it comes to learning, only intrinsic motivation matters? Why is giving rewards or recognition an argument against the use of badges? The fear is that learners will become conditioned to perform only if they are receiving an external reward for it (if this, then that). If properly designed, I believe badges can be an effective motivator for learning. Certainly not the sole motivator, but part of a larger system. Others say it’s a fading trend…
CHASING SHINY NEW TOYS
Digital badges may be new, but badges and the concept of badging are not. Police badges can be traced back to medieval times. Knights, nurses, and military forces have issued badges throughout history. According to a quick Wikipedia search, “Merit badges have been an integral part of the Scouting program since the start of the movement in the United Kingdom on August 1, 1907, and are an important part of the uniform and insignia of the Boy Scouts. Scouting came to the United States in 1910; the BSA quickly issued an initial list of just 14 merit badges, but did not produce or award them. In 1911, the BSA manufactured the first official 57 merit badges and began awarding them. The number of badges available has been as high as 127 in 1975 and again in 1987. As of March 2014, the number of badges available is 134.
Is the badge just a symbol? If so, is it any different than the symbol of a numerical grade?
CRACKING THE CODE
Much work remains to be done to hack badges into an effective gauge of student learning. I believe digital badging is imperfect, just like other measures of learning, yet still worth the pursuit. I look forward to continuing this work with the help of some of my daring teammates this summer and throughout next year. While the code has yet to be cracked, here are a few clues and ideas that I think serve as breadcrumbs along the trail…
Badges should be designed and used to facilitate differentiated instruction. Every educator I know talks about differentiated instruction, yet few actually know how to implement it. I believe there is potential here.
Badges could be meshed with rubrics and I Can statements. We use karate belts as a motivator in teaching music students how to play the recorder. Why not have a similar system with specific learning outcomes in our curriculum?
Badges could become a form of currency for learners. On a recent Marta train ride, Dr. Kytle, Mrs. Wilkes, and I were discussing the issue of badges. Dr. Kytle dropped this bombshell idea in my lap and I’ve been thinking about it ever since. What could learners do with badges once they’ve been earned? Besides as a trophy or resume credential?
Badges ultimately need a centralized designer and issuer, but to get the momentum, learning, and iterating underway, there needs to be a highly decentralized (in the short term) empowering of classroom teachers and even students to create, design, and issue badges. This is a scary idea. And yet a single avenue or clearinghouse for badges creates some challenges for rapid prototyping and testing.
A POSSIBLE MODEL Our teachers use UbD to create unit designs. We have been intentional as a whole school (PS – 12) over the past several years to train our teachers in the UbD approach and emphasized the importance of intentional unit design.
Staying with idea of units, what if each unit had a badge attached to it? It would be more than a mere participation badge because specific knowledge and skills (learning outcomes) would have to be demonstrated (throughout the unit – through a variety of formative, innovative, authentic, and summative assessments).
What if every student who passed received the “blue” badge for X unit? Then, the students who went above and beyond were able to earn the “gold” badge (allowing for differentiated instruction)? Imagine if students could also choose to “badge up” within a unit well beyond the teacher’s design and propose their own products and performances related to the content? For example, let’s say Billy is really motivated to learn about the rock cycle. And he is passionate about the “maker movement.” What if he proposed and earned a “maker badge” for that unit, in addition to the “blue” or “gold” badge he earned for completing the basic minimum requirements that all students are expected to master?
And, what if, unapologetically, students were awarded (without prior expectation) Mount Vernon Mindset badges within each unit? Billy went above and beyond and was awarded the “collaborator” badge by his teacher. Now, Billy has 3 badges to display in his Eportfolio and share at his student-led conference. The next unit will contain similar options and opportunities – one “blue” badge for demonstration of the required learning outcomes and the potential for an upgrade to “gold” for more advanced work, a student initiated choice “maker” badge (or “artist” badge, or “public speaker badge,” etc.), and/or a Mount Vernon Mindset badge. In this way, digital badges could be more than just an award, but a source of feedback and another gauge on the progress monitoring dashboard.
What are your ideas for badging? How do you envision badges as a form of differentiated instruction?